The Victorian Era is a reaction against the Romantic Period due to differences in terms of historical influences, effects of science, crises of faith, and. Books, magazines, popular music, and theatre productions were all imported to meet women's consumer demand. The aftermath of court hearings Rarely was the outcome of any court case in any way beneficial to the victim. Bailey, J. Rather than condemning wife-beating, the agencies of social welfare in Scotland continued to contribute to the discourse that drunkenness was the cause of marital conflict and this corresponded with attempts by the judiciary and the social services to downplay wife-beating and to mend broken marriages
But even though Prostitutes were rarely discussed with any sympathy, it was widely understood that they were often driven to prostitution by necessity.
Saint Bernardino of Siena asks his male parishioners to restrain themselves when disciplining their wives and to show them the same mercy they would show their hens and pigs. Domestic violence towards wives was given increasing attention by social and legal reformers as the 19th century continued.